Located in northwestern China, in Shaanxi province, Xi'an (or Xian, Chinese: 西安, meaning "Western Peace") is one of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of the country, having held the position under several of the most important dynasties in Chinese history. Xi'an is the starting point of the Silk Road and home to the Terracotta Army of Emperor Qin Shi Huang, the first emperor of a unified China.
The Small Wild Goose Pagoda (Chinese: 小雁塔) is one of two significant pagodas in Xi'an, the site of the old Han and Tang capital Chang'an. The other notable pagoda is the Giant Wild Goose Pagoda, originally built in 652 and restored in 704. The Small Wild Goose Pagoda was built between 707–709, during the Tang dynasty under Emperor Zhongzong of Tang. The pagoda stood 45 m (147 ft) until the 1556 Shaanxi earthquake. The earthquake shook the pagoda and damaged it so that it now stands at a height of 43 m (141 ft) with fifteen levels of tiers. The pagoda has a brick frame built around a hollow interior, and its square base and shape reflect the building style of other pagodas from the era.
Shaanxi History Museum is located to the northwest of the Giant Wild Goose Pagoda. It's one of the first state museums with modern facilities in China and one of the largest. The museum houses over 370,000 items, including murals, paintings, pottery, coins, as well as bronze, gold, and silver objects. The modern museum was built between 1983 and 2001 and its appearance recalls the architectural style of the Tang Dynasty.
It is a theme park located east of the Giant Wild Goose Pagoda. It was built in modern times to demonstrate the architectural style of Tang dynasty's royal garden Furong Yuan (Chinese: 大唐芙蓉园). The park covers a landscaped are of about 165 acres.
The Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor (Qin Shi Huang) was constructed over 38 years, from 246 to 208 BC, and is situated underneath a 76-meter-tall tomb mound shaped like a truncated pyramid.The layout of the mausoleum is modeled on the Qin capital Xianyang, divided into inner and outer cities. The circumference of the inner city is 2.5 km (1.55 miles) and the outer is 6.3 km (3.9 miles). The tomb is located in the southwest of the inner city and faces east. The main tomb chamber housing the coffin and burial artifacts is the core of the architectural complex of the mausoleum. The Terracotta Army served as a garrison to the mausoleum and has yet to be completely excavated.
Huaqing Hot Springs are a complex of hot springs located in an area characterized by mild weather and scenic views at the northern foot of Mount Li, one of the three major peaks of the Qin Mountains. The Huaqing Hot Springs are located approximately 25 km east of Xi'an.
The Xi'an City Wall (Chinese: 西安城墙) is one of the oldest, largest and best preserved Chinese city walls. It was built under the rule of the Hongwu Emperor in the 14th century for military defense. It has since then been refurbished many times. The wall encloses an area of about 14 square kilometers (5.4 sq mi)
Originally known as Yong'an Palace then renamed in 635, Daming Palace was the imperial palace complex of the Tang Dynasty, located in its capital Chang'an. It served as the royal residence of the Tang emperors for more than 220 years. Today, it is designated as a national heritage site of China.