Located in northern Texas prairie, the "Big D." as it is often called, Dallas is a modern metropolis whose prominence arose from its historical importance as a center for the oil and cotton industries, and its position along numerous railroad lines in the United States.
Located on the southeastern shore of White Rock Lake, the arboretum is a series of gardens and fountains with a view of the lake and the downtown Dallas skyline. With over 66 acres of finely manicured grounds, the arboretum provides breathtaking views for residents and tourists year-round. It opened its doors in 1984, combining the 44-acre DeGolyer Estate and the 22-acre Alex Camp House to create a horticultural masterpiece in North Texas. Today, 19 named gardens and numerous areas within combine to create one of the premier Dallas landmarks. The vibrant color displays in these gardens engage visitors of all ages throughout the seasons.
Fair Park is a 277-acre recreational and educational complex registered as a Dallas Landmark and National Historic Landmark. Many of the buildings were constructed for the Texas Centennial Exposition in 1936. A milestone in Fair Park's history was 1936, when the Texas Centennial Exposition was held there. In preparation for the six-month event, the park was transformed from an early 20th-century fairground into an Art Deco showcase. Today, the cultural facilities and annual events attract an unsubstantiated estimate of 5 million visitors annually, the bulk of which attend during the 24-day State Fair of Texas. Many Dallas cultural institutions call Fair Park home: Hall of State, Old Mill Inn, African American Museum, The Leonhardt Lagoon, Museum of Nature and Science, Cotton Bowl Stadium and so on.
Deep Ellum is a neighborhood composed largely of arts and entertainment venues near downtown. Deep Ellum developed in the late 19th century as a residential and commercial neighborhood on the east side of downtown Dallas. As one of Dallas' first commercial districts for African-Americans and European immigrants, Deep Ellum is one of the most historically significant neighborhoods in the city. The district boasts the city's largest collection of commercial storefronts from the early 20th century and includes many individual structures significant in their own right. The 1990s were a high point for Deep Ellum as Dallas' liveliest entertainment district. There were restaurants, bars, nightclubs, tattoo parlors, other diverse retail shops, and an increasing amount of high-rent residential loft space. Deep Ellum's real claim to fame, however, was found in its music. By the 1920s, the neighborhood had become a hotbed for early jazz and blues musicians.
This major art museum's collection is made up of more than 24,000 objects, dating from the third millennium BC to the present day. It is also defined by its dynamic exhibition policy and award-winning educational programs. It is one of the largest art museums in the United States. The museum's history began with the establishment in 1903 of the Dallas Art Association. It got renamed the Dallas Museum of Fine Arts in 1932 and relocated to a new art deco facility within Fair Park in 1936, on the occasion of the Texas Centennial Exposition.
Pioneer Plaza is a large public park located in the Convention Center District of downtown. It contains a large sculpture and is a heavily visited tourist site. Adjacent to the plaza is the Pioneer Park Cemetery which features the Confederate War Memorial. Together, it is the largest public open space in the Dallas central business district. The large sculpture commemorates nineteenth century cattle drives that took place along the Shawnee Trail, the earliest and easternmost route by which Texas longhorn cattle were taken to northern railheads. The cattle sculpture is the largest bronze monument of its kind in the world. Set along an artificial ridge and past a man-made limestone cliff, native landscaping with a flowing stream and waterfall help create the dramatic effect.
Reunion Tower is a 561 ft (171 m) observation tower and one of the most recognizable landmarks in Dallas. Also known locally as "The Ball," the tower was completed in 1978 as part of an urban redevelopment project that also renovated the historic Union Station. The observation deck called the "GeO-Deck" reopened in 2013, just in time for the Tower's 35th anniversary. The exterior of the observation deck features telescopes with views in every direction. At night, the globe at the top of the building is illuminated with 259 custom LED fixtures. It is served by Light Rail Bule and Red line at Union Station.
The Memorial is a monument to U.S. President John Fitzgerald Kennedy in the West End Historic District. The monument was approved by Jacqueline Kennedy herself. Philip Johnson the architect called it "a place of quiet refuge, an enclosed place of thought and contemplation separated from the city around, but near the sky and earth". Johnson's design is a cenotaph, or empty tomb, that symbolizes the freedom of Kennedy’s spirit.
The Sixth Floor Museum at Dealey Plaza is located on the sixth floor of the Dallas County Administration Building (formerly the Texas School Book Depository) in downtown Dallas. The museum examines the life, times, death, and legacy of President John F. Kennedy, and is located at the very spot from which Lee Harvey Oswald, according to four government investigations, shot and killed the President on November 22, 1963. The museum's exhibition area uses historic films, photographs, artifacts and interpretive displays to document the events of the assassination, the reports by government investigations that followed, and the historical legacy of the national tragedy.
The Dallas County Courthouse, built in 1892 of red sandstone rusticated marble accents, is a historic governmental building. Also known as the Old Red Courthouse, it is now (since 2007) the Old Red Museum, a local history museum showcasing Dallas County's most fascinating historical artifacts. It was designed in the Richardsonian Romanesque style of architecture. In 1966 it was replaced by a newer courthouse building nearby. In 1976, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places.
Located in the heart of the Dallas arts district, the Crow Collection of Asian Art is a museum dedicated to the arts and cultures of China, Japan, India, and Southeast Asia. Notably, its jade collection is one of the finest in the US and a pillar of the Crow Collection. Most of the items are from the 18th century, when the traditional Chinese jade industry (before the arrival of the industrial age) reached its zenith. A number of Qing Dynasty snuff bottles are on display as well.
Opened in 2003, the Nasher Sculpture Center is a museum that houses the Patsy and Raymond Nasher collection of modern and contemporary sculpture. The collection includes masterpieces by renowed artists such as Paul Gauguin, Henri Matisse, Joan Miró, Pablo Picasso and Auguste Rodin.