Calgary is the largest city in Alberta, Canada.The world-famous Calgary Stampede, one of the greatest outdoor shows, is held annually in July.
Fort Calgary was established in 1875 as Fort Brisebois by the North-West Mounted Police, located at the confluence of the Bow and Elbow rivers in what is now Calgary, Alberta. The construction of the fort was initiated in1875 by a federal order to force out whiskey traders from the area. It was constructed out of pine and spruce logs cut upstream and floated to the site. Buildings included men's quarters, a guard room, stables and storage facilities. The arrival of the railway in 1883 and the subsequent rapid growth and expansion of Calgary destroyed the post's reason for existing. The site was purchased by the City of Calgary in 1974. It was designated a provincial and National Historic Site and reopened as a museum in 1978. The site is only three blocks away from the City Hall LRT station.
Located in the Olympic Plaza, the Famous Five Statue is to commemorate five Alberta women who asked the Supreme Court of Canada to answer the question, "Does the word 'Persons' in Section 24 of the British North America Act, 1867, include female persons?" in the case Edwards v. Canada (Attorney General). They sought to have women legally considered persons so that women could be appointed to the Senate. The case was part of a continent-wide drive for political equality, and had important ramifications not just for women's rights but also because in ruling in favour of the appellants, the Privy Council engendered a radical change in the Canadian judicial approach to the Canadian constitution, an approach that has come to be known as the "living tree doctrine".
The Glenbow Museum is an art and history museum with a vision of having more people to experience art and culture more often. Glenbow showcases world-renowned traveling and permanent exhibitions that are meaningful to many diverse groups in the community, boasts the largest art collection in Western Canada and provides access and care to the collections. Its collection emcompasses art and culture history, ethnology, military history and mineralogy. In addition, the Glenbow has a substantial Asian collection on reliefs, masks, paintings and sculptures in stone, wood, and metal from the Buddhist and Hindu cultures of Asia, from the 1st century to the 18th century.
The Calgary Tower is a 190.8-meter free standing observation tower in downtown. Originally called the Husky Tower, it was conceived as a joint venture between Marathon Realty Company Limited and Husky Oil as part of an urban renewal plan and to celebrate Canada's centennial of 1967. A natural gas-fired cauldron was constructed at the top of the tower to celebrate the 1988 Winter Olympics. It continues to be re-ignited for various special events, including Canada Day. An LED, multi-color exterior lighting system was added in 2014 to make the tower a more noticeable part of the city skyline at night. Visitors get a Panoramic view of the city.
Stephen Avenue is known for some of Calgary's finest restaurants, cafés, pubs and bars. The street also provides an eclectic mix of boutiques and high-end retail. The street was named after George Stephen, the first president of the Canadian Pacific Railway. Stephen Avenue contains a high concentration of registered historic buildings and the street itself was declared a Canadian historic site in 2002. Many of these buildings are made of sandstone that was quarried locally from the Paskapoo Formation; a result of the construction of fire-resistant buildings following a fire in 1886 that damaged many of the city's earlier wooden structures.
As Canada's most visited zoo, Calgary Zoo was in 2015 recognized by TripAdvisor with its Travellers' Choice Award. It has also received international recognition as one of the top zoos in the world for conservation research. It is home to a team of biologists who have earned international recognition as North America’s leaders in the science of species recovery and reintroduction. The 120-acre zoo is home to almost 800 animals, excluding individual fish and insects, and 130 different species, and it is organized by into six distinct zones. It can be accessed by train at EB Zoo CTrain Station.
The Calgary Stampede is an annual rodeo, exhibition and festival held every July. The ten-day event, which bills itself as "The Greatest Outdoor Show on Earth", attracts over one million visitors per year and features one of the world's largest rodeos, a parade, midway, stage shows, concerts, agricultural competitions, chuckwagon racing and First Nations exhibitions. The event's roots are traced to 1886. Calgary's national and international identity is tied to the event. It is known as the "Stampede City", carries the informal nickname of "Cowtown" and the local Canadian Football League team is called the Stampeders. The festival spirit during Stampede extends throughout the city. People of all walks of life, from executives to students, discard formal attire for casual western dress, typically represented by Wrangler jeans and cowboy hats.
This urban park was named after Peter Anthony Prince, the founder of the Eau Claire Lumber Mill. It is part of the pathway and hiking trail system lining both sides of the Bow River. The southern arm of the river has been landscaped, while the eastern end of the island re-creates a wetland environment. Canada geese and mallard ducks are common birds found in the park. The park hosts many festivals such as Calgary Folk Music Festival, Shakespeare in the Park and Canada Day celebration. Primary access to the island can be attained by a number of footbridges as part of the Bow River pathway.
The Military Museums comprises the former Museum of the Regiments as well as the relocated Naval Museum of Alberta and an Air Force Wing consisting of artifacts currently being acquired. The Museum of the Regiments was formally opened by Queen Elizabeth II in 1990. It preserves and documents the history of all three branches of the Canadian Forces, the Royal Canadian Navy, Canadian Army, and Royal Canadian Air Force, with a focus on Alberta history, through an extensive public gallery and archival holding.
Heritage Park Historical Village is a historical park. As Canada's largest living history museum, it is one of the city's most visited tourist attractions. Exhibits span Western Canadian history from the 1860s to the 1950s. You will see Western Canada's iconic past not only preserved, but also presented alive and in great working condition. Many of the buildings are historical and were transported to the park to be placed on display. Others are re-creations of actual buildings. Most of the structures are furnished and decorated with genuine artifacts. Staff dress in historic costume, and antique automobiles and horse-drawn vehicles service the site.