Yogyakarta City is the capital of the Yogyakarta Special Region and was the Indonesian capital during the National Revolution from 1945 to 1949. One of the districts in Yogyakarta, Kotagede, was the capital of the Mataram Sultanate between 1575 and 1640. It is renowned as a centre classical Javanese fine art and culture. Yogya means "suitable, fit, proper", and karta, "prosperous, flourishing" (i.e., "a city that is fit to prosper").
Candi Prambanan is a 9th-century Hindu temple compound in Central Java, dedicated to the Trimurti, the expression of God as the Creator (Brahma), the Preserver (Vishnu) and the Destroyer (Shiva). The temple compound is located approximately 17 kilometres (11 mi) northeast of the city of Yogyakarta. The temple compound, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is the largest Hindu temple site in Indonesia, and one of the biggest in Southeast Asia. It is characterized by its tall and pointed architecture, typical of Hindu architecture, and by the towering 47-metre-high (154 ft) central building inside a large complex of individual temples. Originally there were a total of 240 temples. Today, all of 8 main temples and 8 small shrines in the inner zone are reconstructed, but only 2 out of the original 224 pervara temples are renovated. The majority of them have deteriorated; what is left are only scattered stones.
Sambisari is a 9th-century Hindu temple. It was buried about five metres underground. Parts of the original temple have been excavated. Visitors must descend the flight of stairs on the western side to reach the central part of the temple, the base of which is 6.5 meters lower than the current ground level.
Borobudur Temple Compounds is a UNESCO WOrld Heritage Site. The area comprises of three Buddhist temples: Borobudur, Mendut, and Pawon. These three temples are located in a straight line, and have been considered as being built during the Shailendra dynasty around the 8th–9th centuries. The site is located approximately 40 km (25 mi) northwest of Yogyakarta.
Jetis, Gondomanan, Kraton
Fort Vredeburg Museum (Indonesian name: Museum Benteng Vredeburg), was a former colonial fortress located in the city of Yogyakarta. The military complex has been converted into an Independence Struggle Museum which was opened in 1992. It is located in front of Gedung Agung and Kraton Yogyakarta (Palace of Yogyakarta).
The palace is the main seat Sultan of Yogyakarta and his family. It serves as a cultural center for the Javanese people and contains a museum that displays the sultanate's artifacts.
Taman Sari, also known as Taman Sari Water Castle, is the site of a former royal garden of the Sultanate of Yogyakarta. It is located about 2 km south within the grounds of the Kraton (Palace of Yogyakarta). It was originally built in 1760s. The garden consists of a lake area, and a bathing complex.