Located on the Cebu Island, Cebu City was founded in 1565, today it is a major shipping port and a significant cultural center of the Philippines. The name "Cebu" came from the old Cebuano word sibu or sibo ("trade"), a shortened form of sinibuayng hingpit ("the place for trading"). There are several Filipino-Spanish heritage buildings in the city such as Fort San Pedro, Basilica del Santo Niño, Magellan's Cross, and the Cebu Metropolitan Cathedral.
Cebu City, Lungsod ng Cebu
Fort San Pedro (Fuerte de San Pedro) is a military defence structure built by the Spanish. Today's structure dates from 1738 and is the oldest triangular bastion fort in the country. It served as the nucleus of the first Spanish settlement in the Philippines. Today, part of the fort is a museum in which houses the legacies of the Spanish Government: well preserved artifacts such as documents, paintings and sculpture.
Magellan's Cross is a Christian cross planted by Portuguese and Spanish explorers as ordered by Ferdinand Magellan upon arriving in Cebu in the Philippines in 1521. This cross is housed in a chapel and a sign below the cross describes the original cross as encased inside the wooden cross that is found in the center of the chapel.
The Basílica Menor del Santo Niño de Cebú, commonly known as the Santo Niño Basilica, is a minor basilica that was founded in 1565. It is the oldest Roman Catholic church in the country. The first church believed to be built on the site where the image of the Holy Child was found was burned down in 1566. Construction of new structures ensued in the following century. Today, the church also includes a museum and a library.
The Cathedral Museum of Cebu is the ecclesiastical museum of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cebu built in the early 19th century. Its focus is regional Church architecture and artifacts. Many of the items on display are from the Spanish colonial times. The building was one of the few extant structures in downtown Cebu City that was totally spared from the ravages of World War II.
Yap-Sandiego Ancestral House is a historic house constructed in the 17th century for a prominet Chinese merchant named Don Juan Yap and his wife. It is considered to be one of the oldest residential houses in the Philippines. The house has been declared a Heritage House due to its architectural and historical significance. It features hand-carved furniture, art works and a garden.
Colon Street is a historical street in downtown Cebu City that is often called the oldest and the shortest national road in the Philippines. It is named after Cristóbal Colón (Christopher Columbus). It traces its origins to the town plan by Miguel Lopez de Legazpi, the Spanish conquistador who arrived in the Philippines to establish a colony in 1565. The street was once the heart of the City's shopping and business activity and the site of fashionable shops, offices, and movie houses.
Cebu Taoist Temple is a Taoist temple built by Cebu's substantial Chinese community in 1972. The temple is the center of worship for Taoism, the religion which follows the teachings of the ancient Chinese philosopher, Lao Zi. The entrance to the temple was a replica of the Great Wall of China. The spacious balconies offer a scenic view of the downtown Cebu.