Jakarta is the capital of Indonesia. Located on the northwest coast of the island of Java, it is the center of economics, culture and politics of Indonesia. From modern skyscrapers to the National Monument to the Old Town, Jakarta is a mix of old and new.
Gambir, Central Jakarta, Sawah Besar, Tamansari
The Indonesian National History Museum has a display of dioramas in the large marble-lined hall below Monas. The dioramas begin in the northeastern corner, displaying the scenes from Indonesian history from the beginning during the earliest days of Prehistoric Indonesia, the construction of Borobudur, the Sriwijaya and Majapahit eras, followed with events from the period of European colonization and uprisings against Dutch East Indies Company and Dutch East Indies rule.
The National Monument (Indonesian: Monumen Nasional, abbreviated Monas) is a 132 m (433 ft) tower in the centre of Merdeka Square, Central Jakarta, symbolizing the fight for Indonesia. It is the national monument of the Republic of Indonesia, built to commemorate the struggle for Indonesian independence. The observation desk and other facilities are open daily from 08.00-16.00 daily (except for Mondays). The entrance to Monas is located around 100 meters away to the northern side of the monument.
Istiqlal Mosque, or Masjid Istiqlal, (Independence Mosque) in Jakarta, Indonesia is the largest mosque in the country. This national mosque of Indonesia was built to commemorate Indonesian independence and named "Istiqlal", an Arabic word for "independence". The mosque was opened to the public 22 February 1978. It is located next to Merdeka Square and the Jakarta Cathedral.
Jakarta Cathedral (Indonesian: Gereja Katedral Jakarta) is a Roman Catholic Cathedral, which is also the seat of the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Jakarta. This current cathedral was consecrated in 1901 and built in the neo-gothic style, a common architectural style to build churches at that time. The Jakarta Cathedral is located near Merdeka Square and Merdeka Palace, it stands right in the front of the Istiqlal Mosque.
Kota Tua Jakarta ("Jakarta Old Town"), is a neighborhood comprising the original downtown area of Jakarta. It is a remainder of Oud Batavia, the first walled settlement of the Dutch in Jakarta area. It was an inner walled city with its own Castle. The area gained importance during the 17th-19th century when it was established as the de facto capital of the Dutch East Indies.