Heidelberg is a college town in Baden-Württemberg situated on the river Neckar in south-west Germany. The city is a popular tourist destination due to its romantic cityscape, including Heidelberg Castle, the Philosophers' Walk, and the baroque style Old Town.
The Old Bridge (Alte Brücke), also known as the Karl Theodor Bridge, is a stone bridge crossing the Neckar River. The current bridge, made of Neckar Valley Sandstone and the ninth built on the site, was constructed in 1788. It is one of the best-known and amazing landmarks and tourist destinations in the history of Heidelberg. It is served by bus 35, M4, and M5 at Alte Brücke stop.
The Marktplatz (Market Square) is one of the oldest squares in the city. In addition to its function as a place for the weekly market, the place served in earlier centuries as a place for public processes. In the middle of the square stands the Hercules Fountain , erected between 1706 and 1709, to commemorate the enormous efforts of the reconstruction of the city after the devastation of the Palatine Succession War. Today, the square also serves as a venue for the Christmas market in winter.
The Church of the Holy Spirit (Heiliggeistkirche) is the most famous church in Heidelberg. The steeple of the church, rising above the roofs, dominates the town. The Church of the Holy Spirit was first mentioned in a manuscript from 1239 and the foundations of the current late Gothic church were laid on the site in 1398.
Founded in the 13th century and expanded in the late 14th century, the Altstadt (Old Town) remained the same as the city of Heidelberg until the 19th century. It was rebuilt as a baroque city on a medieval ground plan, after the destruction in 1693 in the Palatine Succession War. The Old Town not only covers the historical areas of the medieval town foundation, it also extends far south and is a significant part of the royal area.
Heidelberg Castle (Schloss Heidelberger) is a ruin and landmark of Heidelberg. Dating back to 1214, the castle ruins are among the most important Renaissance structures north of the Alps. The castle was rebuilt many times over the centuries due to lightning, fires and wars. The current structure has only been partially rebuilt since its demolition in the 17th and 18th centuries.
Founded in 1937, the Pharmacy Museum (Deutsche Apotheken-Museum) holds extensive collections that cover the history of pharmacy of the entire German-speaking area from ancient times to the 21st century. The collections showcase artifacts such as pharmacy prescriptions, pharmacist's offices, pharmacist's signs and pharmacy labels, drugs and finished medicines. The museum also has the world's largest collection of eighteenth century earthenware glasses.
The Königstuhl (King's Throne) is a 567.8 metres high hill in the Odenwald Mountains. The Königstuhl summit allows visitors a spectacular view of the city of Heidelberg and the Neckar river. Located near the summit is the historic Landessternwarte Heidelberg-Königstuhl astronomical observatory, established in 1898.